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Právny predpis EÚ o obnove prírody

Opinion Number: CDR 4206/2022
Rapporteur: BIWER Roby
Commission: ENVE
Status: Adopted
Date: 09/02/2023
To address biodiversity loss, protect nature and restore ecosystems urgently, since our health and wellbeing depends on the status of the environment.
To adapt the main targets of restoring at least a 20% of the Union's land and sea areas by 2030, in line with the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework
To ensure the involvement of EU local and regional authorities in the drafting, implementation and monitoring of the National Restoration Plans, as well as in the identification of restoration areas, since they know best the local conditions and the socio-economic context of the areas.
To take into account the different circumstances and starting points in countries and cities, especially on urban ecosystems, and to adjust the proposal to include specific considerations in terms of quantity and quality of green areas, regional, urban and agglomeration structure, administrative structure and land ownership.
To emphasize that the success of ecosystem restoration will largely depend on the correct implementation and the quality of measures applied at local and regional level, so cities and regions should be supported by proper technical assistance, adequate financing resources and specific funding.

- recognises that the proposed EU Nature Restoration Law (NRL) is a game changer in the fight against biodiversity loss and the impacts of climate change, and appreciates its approach to legally binding, time-bound, sequenced targets to safeguard the protection and restoration of all ecosystems in Member States, with the aim of urgently addressing its degradation; sees this proposal, with the necessary modifications, as a crucial step forward that will steer the implementation of an ambitious post-2020 global biodiversity framework, and the synchronization of the climate and biodiversity agendas;

- stresses that the proposal must be adapted to take account of the widely differing current situations in the various Member States, regions and municipalities in terms of the quantity and quality of different ecosystems, regional, urban, municipal and agglomeration structure, administrative structure and land ownership;

- highlights the key role of local and regional authorities (LRAs) in co-drafting National Restoration Plans (NRPs), identifying restoration areas and determining indicators based on local priorities and community needs, public and private co-finance, stakeholder and public engagement, and executing local, integrated, place-based restoration actions; emphasizes the key role of LRAs in monitoring and reporting on progress towards the targets for urban and other ecosystems that fall within the boundaries of LAUs;

- urges Member States to ensure that NRPs take into account the specific socio-economic, geographic and environmental conditions and characteristics of the local area in question, the local community and regional context, as well as the relevant restoration needs;

- reiterates the importance of integrating the NRL with existing local, regional and other sub national policies and strategies, and highlights the need for adequate instruments and mechanisms to strengthen the mandatory character and qualitative impact of the law at local and sub-national level;

- draws attention to the substantial financial resources required for the measures provided for in the proposal for a Regulation; stresses that adequate financial resources should be earmarked for restoration; and calls for a comprehensive technical support system.
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