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Identitatea digitală europeană

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Opinion Number: CDR 3686/2021
Rapporteur: WEINMEISTER Mark
Commission: ECON
Status: Adopted
Date: 13/10/2021
 
The 2030 Digital Compass put forward by the European Commission in March 2021 provides that, by 2030, at least 80% of citizens should be able to use a digital ID solution to access key public services, which the European Digital Identity framework proposal should make possible. The CoR opinion has had for objective to underline the local and regional authorities' role as authentic sources for the information to be stored in the Digital Wallets, cross-border reliance on the EDI wallet and to clarify interoperability provisions.
Interinstititutional negotiations are still yet to start, therefore no impact has been recorded yet.
THE EUROPEAN COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS



- backs the idea of a European Digital Identity Wallet. It should enable citizens to prove their identity, including while on the move, so they can access online public administration services, swap digital documents or just attest a personal identity attribute, such as age;

- emphasises the need to ensure that all users are autonomous and not subject to discrimination, and therefore recommends that the Communication state clearly that there must be no indirect coercion to use the European Digital Identity Wallet when services are offered to natural persons. It is a matter of principle that use is a voluntary act;

- urges that provision be made in the proposal for the use of digital identities by minors or in cases where responsibility lies with a guardian or carer, as well as for dealing with digital identities when somebody dies;

- advises that, when it comes to the ID used for access by economic operators, the authorisation check should be designed with a secured certificate whose validity is of limited duration or cyclical;

- suggests that implementation, particularly in the start-up phase, should be configured incrementally. This is important because the hitherto partly unregulated economy is sometimes being involved for the very first time in the use of electronic identities at the assurance levels "substantial" to "high" as the current eIDAS environment evolves;

- warns against hasty implementation of a European Digital Identity Wallet solution because of the technical risks inherent in the centralised storage of identity data in a mostly mobile application. Such a solution will undoubtedly be seen as a prime target for a wide range of cyberattacks and must therefore be able to fend off the threats at any particular moment.

Importance

High
Medium
Low
 

First discussion of a Council compromise

The TELECOM Working Group discussed key points of a first compromise presented by the French Presidency at its meeting on 5 May. These encompassed:

  • the European Digital Identity Wallet (EDIW) concept and its articulation with (national) electronic identification means;
  • the assurance level of the EDIW;
  • the concept of qualified trust service providers and of electronic attestations of attributes;
  • the unique and persistent identifier.
    The Presidency report was then scheduled for discussion at the Telecom Council meeting of 3 June 2022.
    So far, no synergies with the CoR position have been identified.

 
05 May
 

Follow-up letter from Executive Vice-President Vestager

On 25 March 2022, Executive Vice-President sent a letter identifying main actions to be undertaken in relation to the issues raised in the CoR opinion.
The cybersecurity of the European Digital Identity is seen as a key concern to the Commission. It is proposed that the European Digital Identity Wallet will be developed at the highest available level of security and assurance. This includes strong precautions to protect personal data and identity data, for instance through data separation and the prohibition to store and combine certain data. In order to protect effectively against cyber-attacks, the Commission has proposed cybersecurity certification for the relevant parts of the wallet. Close cooperation with Member States' experts and the EU's cybersecurity agency has been established to develop a technical framework that will be able to resist relevant security threats.
In addition, the Commission considers the swift implementation of the European Digital Identity an important policy priority. In order to ensure quick deployment, a possible technical architecture and reference framework is being developed together with Member States on the basis of a recommendation by the Commission and will be updated against the results of the legislative process. It is planned to test the future system in large-scale pilots and to offer a prototype wallet to Member States for this purpose.

 
25 Mar
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