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Desenvolvimento sustentável das zonas rurais

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Opinion Number: CDR 3765/2013
Rapporteur: ZAJAKAŁA Jerzy
Commission: NAT
Status: Adopted
Date: 09/10/2013
 
calls for urgent complementary studies to assess the territorial impact of quota abolition
calls for a realistic evaluation of production, internal consumption and export prospects over the medium and long term
calls for a comparative study of the milk policies of the large milk-producing countries and a detailed study of the Swiss experience
calls for an impact assessment of ongoing bilateral trade negotiations
calls for the possibility to be studied of adapting to the EU certain measures taken by other countries to manage potential milk market crises, in particular the measures of the forthcoming Farm Bill 2013-2017
proposes extending the possibility of managing the volumes stipulated in the milk package to mountain milk
calls for security of supply and the sustainability of the European Union's internal markets to be made a priority
proposes, in the context of export strategy, giving greater support to innovation in high-added-value dairy products
proposes establishing solid partnerships with the countries of the southern Mediterranean and the Middle East that do not have sufficient land or water to produce milk at a reasonable cost and that constitute a milk market that is more easily accessible than Asia
calls on the Commission to redefine a coherent rural and milk development project for mountain areas, for disadvantaged milk production areas and for Member States where most of the milk is produced by very small farms.
 Dans sa proposition de résolution du Parlement européen sur l'avenir des petites exploitations agricoles, le rapporteur Czesław Siekierski soutient plusieurs recommandations formulées par le CdR et notamment que :
 la création d'emplois non agricoles en zone rurale détient un rôle clé dans le développement de ces régions et l'avenir des petites exploitations agricoles;
 afin de résoudre les problèmes des petites exploitations agricoles, d'autres instruments de l'Union doivent être associés à la politique agricole commune, notamment la politique de cohésion, afin de contribuer à l'amélioration de l'infrastructure technique et de l'accès aux services publics en milieu rural, et que des ressources du Fonds social européen doivent être affectées au financement de mesures sociales relatives à l'inclusion sociale, à la formation, à l'éducation et au transfert de connaissances;
 Le Comité des Régions a également été associé à deux groupes de réflexion sur l'avenir de la politique de développement rural à l'horizon 2020 :
 Le projet "Rural 2030" qui a pour objectif de conduire à une nouvelle proposition de politique rurale européenne à l'horizon 2020 et piloté par le réseau européen Ruralité-Environnement-Développement et associant de nombreux organisation œuvrant pour un développement durable des territoires ruraux.
 la réflexion prospective menée par les think tank Notre Europe, et Sol et civilisation sur l'évolution de la relation entre le milieu rural et l’échelon européen. Ce projet a pour ambition de mieux comprendre les évolutions pour dégager des propositions afin d’appréhender au mieux le rural et sa dynamique territoriale dans l’Europe de demain. Après un séminaire organisé à Valence le 18 octobre dernier, notre rapporteur a participé au second séminaire qui a été organisé le 13 décembre au Comité des Régions.
THE COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS



- confirms that while predominantly rural areas have gone some way towards catching up, their level of development still remains significantly below the EU average;

- regrets that the amount of funding allocated to rural development has been significantly cut back compared to the 2007–2013 financial perspective;

- notes that consideration is being given to expanding the areas where CAP second pillar funding may be used. Regrets this development as it will only further weaken the allocation of resources for improving technical and social infrastructure in rural areas;

- earmarking a minimum amount of the 5% of EAFRD resources for the LEADER programme is an insufficient level for stimulating the rural economy;

- believes that extensive and direct cooperation between rural municipalities located in functional areas is justified particularly when preparing negotiating strategies in respect of towns located in such areas;

- recognises that the development strategies in these areas should identify a multiannual framework covering a period of at least a dozen or so years;

- calls for systematic and complete mapping of zones of poverty in rural areas (at least at the level of NUTS 3), to ensure that more effective use is made of resources to combat social marginalisation;

- believes that the future European rural development policy should:

• be compatible with the sustainability of rural areas,

• recognise that rural areas offer prospects for development and have a crucial role to play in meeting Europe's challenges,

• recognise that the diversity of Europe's rural areas is an important factor when it comes to meeting future challenges,

• be transparent and clear, to ensure that it is more widely accepted,

• harness regional diversity to reach a shared European goal, ensuring that no regions are left behind;
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