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Rumo a uma estratégia macrorregional para o Mediterrâneo

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Opinion Number: CDR 2167/2022
Rapporteur: DOBROSLAVIĆ Nikola
Commission: COTER
Status: Adopted
Date: 11/10/2022
 
The consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic as well as climate change in the Mediterranean basin, serve as a reminder of the urgency of having a coordinated response from the local and regional authorities at the Mediterranean level.
The opinion will call for the development of a macro-regional strategy in order to enhance the coordination of different strategies, initiatives and funding programmes implemented by all levels of government in the Mediterranean such as the Euro-Mediterranean Regional and Local Assembly (ARLEM) and Union for the Mediterranean (UfM).
Geographically speaking, the strategy will adopt a pragmatic and dynamic approach. It should aim at covering progressively the whole Mediterranean area, starting with voluntary territories and giving the possibility to join to other territories as the strategy evolves.
The opinion will build on the ARLEM report adopted in 2014 "For a cohesion policy for the Mediterranean", which laid the foundations for a macro-regional perspective for the Mediterranean basin. The Council of the EU indicated its readiness to examine joint initiatives aimed at establishing new macro-regional strategies (Council's conclusions of 2/12/2020.13424/20).
THE EUROPEAN COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS



- points out that the Mediterranean area is warming at a 20% faster rate than the global average. The effects of climate change are already highly visible through the proliferation of extreme natural events or water scarcity, affecting food security;

- calls as a first step, for efforts to focus on key challenges - climate change, digital transformation, the environment and humanitarian crisis, as well as the necessary green transition;

- stresses that it is necessary for Mediterranean territories to finally have an operational instrument enabling them to develop and implement a concrete action plan and joint projects in response to common priorities identified in existing frameworks such as the UfM, ARLEM, etc.;

- stresses that the macro-regional strategy (MRS) must incrementally and ultimately cover the three Mediterranean sub-basins (Western, Eastern and Adriatic-Ionian) and pay particular attention to island territories;

- considers that a MRS must be based on a solid and representative multi-level governance scheme involving regional and local authorities as well as their respective associations and euroregions;

- points out that a large amount of funding can be mobilised to support Mediterranean projects, (NDICI, ETC programmes, Horizon Europe, LIFE or Erasmus also open to third countries);

- proposes that, in the short term the European Commission should support the emergence in 2024 of a pilot project on zero marine pollution in the Mediterranean and thus test the key principles of a Mediterranean MRS around a concrete objective;

- calls on the European Council to refer the matter to the European Commission in 2022 to draw up a Mediterranean macro-regional strategy, with a view to its approval under the Spanish Presidency in 2023.

Importance

High
Medium
Low
 

EWR event: The Mediterranean - why we need a macroregional strategy

 
13 Dec
 

Stakeholder consultation

participaton of the rapporteur and his expert at the hybrid stakeholder consultation meeting on 1 June (in CoR and online)

 
01 Jun
 

Meeting rapporteur (EPP)+ shadow rapporteurs (EA, RE)

 
06 May
 

Participation of the rapporteur and her expert at a meeting of the CPMR/Intermediterranean commission (CIM)

Participation of the rapporteur, Agnes Rampal, at a meeting of the CPMR/CIM on a Macro-regional strategy for the Mediterranean

 
28 Jun
 

Bilateral meeting of the rapporteur with the European Commission (DG MARE)

Meeting with Isabelle VIALLON (chef d'unité adjointe, DG MARE- A3)

 
14 Jun
 

Bilateral meeting of the rapporteur with the European Commission (DG REGIO)

Meeting with Jean Pierre Halkin , Head of unit

 
11 Jun
 

Bilateral meeting of the rapporteur's expert and the COTER secretariat with the French Presidency of the EU

Meeting with the French Attaché for regional affairs (Permanent Representation) , Emeline Allioux

 
10 Jun
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