Opinion Factsheet  

Turvapaikka- ja maahanmuuttorahastoa koskeva ehdotus

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Opinion Number: CDR 4007/2018
Rapporteur: 
Commission: CIVEX
Status: Adopted
Date: 09/10/2018
 
THE EUROPEAN COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS

- reiterates the need for a coordinated approach by the EU and the Member States to build a common asylum and migration policy based on the principles of solidarity and fair sharing of responsibility

- welcomes the increases in funding for, migration in the EU budget, but is concerned by the bias in these increases which are far more significant for measures on border protection, than for the AMF. Consequently suggests to increase the overall envelope for the AMF from the EUR 10 415 000 000 currently proposed by the European Commission to EUR 16 188 000 000 ( a 2.4-fold increase)

- believes that partnerships and cooperation with third countries are an essential component of EU migration policy and tackling its root causes and that the Fund should therefore provide financial incentives for such cooperation. External development funding should not, however, be instrumentalised solely to prevent migration

- notes the new approach of distinguishing between short-term and long-term integration measures, the latter being financed now from the ESF+. Stresses that the financial provisions for the ESF+ must fully reflect this new task

- welcomes the fact that the new Fund allows a higher co-financing rate (up to 90%), but regrets that its repeated calls to make LRAs partially responsible for the management of the AMF have not been answered

- suggests to give equal weight to the three distribution keys proposed by the European Commission: asylum (33.3%), legal migration and integration (33.3%), and countering irregular migration including returns (33.3%)

- calls for the introduction of minimum allocation and spending requirements for integration (20%) and asylum (20%)

- believes that decentralised cooperation can play an important role in strengthening good governance in origin and transit countries and so reduce migration flows