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Estrategias de especialización inteligente (RIS3): repercusiones para las regiones y la cooperación interregional

Opinion Number: CDR 6963/2016
Rapporteur: IRUJO AMEZAGA Mikel
Commission: SEDEC
Status: Adopted
Date: 22/03/2017
to give a prompt political backup from the CoR for the future of Smart Specialisation Strategies post 2020.
to analyse the current implementation of the RIS3, as well as the pilot Smart Specialisation Platforms.
the CoR could build on the regional Research and Innovation Strategy for Smart Specialisation (RIS3) experiences in several regions, focusing in different aspects as regional innovation ecosystems, synergies with structural funds and inter-regional cooperation.
No impact.

- considers that RIS3 offer added value to regional and local governments, generating cross-sectoral and interregional joint projects and investments;

- indicates that the participation of all levels of governance that have competences and develop initiatives in the strategy's areas of work must be ensured, and must include the "quadruple helix", stressing the roles of industry, education and research institutions, as well as citizens, although the exact combination of organisations involved will depend on the regional context;

- considers that the regions' smart specialisation choices can also serve to foster certain EU policies. Many regions have chosen cross-cutting, inter-sectoral approaches where European policies are not yet sufficiently structured, restricting their support capacity and their effectiveness;

- calls for a gradual and cautious approach to evaluating S3s, which still represent a recent policy which is complex in design and implementation, and which can only deliver its full effects over a period of years. indicates that it is becoming essential to simplify the regulatory framework and to create functioning interfaces to facilitate interaction between different support schemes. These, in turn, should be accompanied by a clear and understandable explanation of how they intend to achieve and facilitate synergies;

- recommends making urgent provision for appropriate ad hoc financing instruments to foster interregional cooperation. These instruments may take the form of combinations of financing (including blends of grants and loans, and public and private funding at different levels) with the innovative use of funds to support pilot pilots for interregional cooperation networks forging direct contact with industry and having a market impact.
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