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LOS SECTORES DE LA CULTURA Y LA CREACIÓN PARA EL CRECIMIENTO Y EL EMPLEO

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Opinion Number: CDR 2391/2012
Rapporteur: ROMBOUTS Anton
Commission: EDUC-V
Status: Adopted
Date: 30/05/2013
 
Support the proposed reform measures and actions at EU, MS, local and regional level for fully valorise the potential of cultural and creative sectors (CCS) as a way to promote socio-economic development;
Recall the core elements from CoR former opinions (especially the Opinion on Unlocking the potential of Cultural and Creative Industries ) that have been reflected in COM communication;
Add further elements relevant from LRAs' perspective in order to develop LRAs' involvement in the implementation and (re)design of the proposed strategy;
Promote a coherent and comprehensive approach in mainstreaming Culture in relevant Europe 2020 Strategy flagship initiatives , including an eventual enhancement of its place and role with the occasion of the mid-term review in 2014.
The EP resolution adopted on 12 September 2013 refers to the CoR Opinion in its Preamble.
There are several aspects highlighted in the CoR Opinion that could be also found in the EP resolution:
the CCS should be recognised both for their intrinsic cultural value and for their major contribution to public wellbeing (point D in EP resolution / para. 3 in CdR 2391/2013);
EU citizens need to be provided with a cultural and artistic education from an early age (point M / para. 23):
the need for up-to-date and reliable statistics on the CCS, in particular as regards their actual situation, their specific features, including in terms of status, their potential in terms of creating jobs and growth and their economic impact on other sectors, so as to enable decisions on the most appropriate political action to promote these sectors effectively (point 2 / supported in para. 35, CdR also asks for 'studies of the CCS in specific local and regional contexts');
the need to take a longer-term view of the prospects for these sectors and to draw up a programme of structured and concrete measures so as to align with the Europe 2020 strategy (point 4 / para. 10, CdR state 'The need for a long term vision' + para. 36, CdR 36. urges that culture and creativity become better integrated in the Europe 2020 strategy);
the majority of companies in the CCS are small and medium-sized enterprises , and stresses, therefore, the need for them to be given particular support in this context (point 12 / para. 27);
it is necessary to strengthen the links between the education system (including universities, while respecting their independence), research centres, training organisations and CCS companies (including SMEs ) (point 25 / para. 32);

Moreover, the EP resolution has an entire section on Local and regional development (para. 67-83, meaning 17 out of 84 – aprox. 20% of the total) The European Parliament stresses the importance of regional cultural and creativity policies, and hence the central role of local, regional and macro-regional authorities in promoting and supporting the CCS. In its view, in line with the principle of subsidiarity, considers it appropriate for local and regional authorities to include the CCS in their medium- and long-term economic strategies.

Highlighting the cross-sectoral nature of the cultural and creative industries as an attractive communications tool, Parliament stresses that they are often locally rooted and so should be supported by establishing local and regional platforms, networks, clusters, business incubators, and partnerships.
In its Opinion (para. 20) the CoR urges for a wider view of culture and creativity, involving the regional context, citizens, enterprises and non-profit organisations in such processes. The Parliament also advocates an approach based on territorial dynamics with a view to involving all stakeholders (artists, local authorities, representatives of professionals, etc) in cultural governance at local and regional level.

In its response to the EP resolution and with a view to organising peer-learning across cities and regions on the role of culture in urban and territorial regeneration (point 71), the Commission is considering the possibility to launch a call for tenders under the new Creative Europe programme.
THE COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS



 welcomes that culture is recognised as a tool for local and regional development and the importance of smart specialisation strategies and holistic approaches to creative development is highlighted;

 suggests developing creative concepts at local and regional level and feeding these into a "European Creativity Forum", which would bring together public, private and voluntary groups to analyse ways in which Europe could apply creative solutions to pressing local and European problems;

 underlines the importance of learning creative skills from an early age, thus empowering the young generation to fully benefit from the new forms of access to culture and better prepare for future jobs, particularly helping them and the wider society to deal with the consequences of the digital shift;

 supports Communication's focus on the need to simplify the existing rules and increase access to external financing for the cultural and creative sectors;

 urges that culture and creativity become better integrated in the Europe 2020 strategy and that the important links with other policy areas, such as industry, tourism, education, finance are recognised.
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