Opinion Factsheet  

Europejskie ramy rozwiązań regulacyjnych w odniesieniu do gospodarki współpracy

Opinion Number: CDR 1951/2019
Commission: ECON
Status: Adopted
Date: 05/12/2019
Given the absence of a common regulatory framework for the collaborative economy, Member States, but also regional and local authorities as well as the European Court of Justice, have had to respond to the challenges presented by the collaborative economy on a case-by-case or sector-by-sector basis. This leads to regulatory fragmentation between and within Member States, which leads to legal complexity and additional administrative burden at local and regional level, while hampering the harmonious development of the collaborative economy. The aim of this opinion is therefore to outline a possible overall strategy for the collaborative economy and seek to provide more specific recommendations on internal market-related issues in view of future European Commission initiatives in this field.

− recalls that in its 2016 opinion on the topic, the Committee found that the Commission's Communication on "A European Agenda for the Collaborative Economy" did not provide comprehensive answers to some of the crucial questions raised by the collaborative economy; believes that this inaction has resulted in leaving highly political decisions up to the courts rather than the European and regional legislators;

− considers that the existing EU regulatory framework – introduced before the age of collaborative economy platforms – is effectively outdated and cannot respond to the challenges posed by the collaborative economy without a thorough update;

− calls on the European Commission to put forward proposals to this end in the course of 2020, in the broader context of the "Digital Services Act" that is on the agenda of the Commission President-elect, especially as the main technical conveniences (e.g. smartphones) and platforms appeared a long time after the e-Commerce Directive of 2000;

− notes the strong local and regional dimension of the collaborative economy, which influences everyday life, since many of the sectors in which these platforms are active, from accommodation, urban transport or delivery services to the use of public spaces, are regulated or taxed at the local and regional level;

− points out that access to data is a crucial issue for public authorities, in particular at local and regional level; ensuring proper enforcement of applicable local rules and safeguarding supervisory mechanisms is impossible without access to the relevant data from platforms operating in a given territory;

− asks the European Commission to produce studies into the possible environmental impact of the collaborative economy by the second half of 2020, as such in-depth studies are lacking.



CJEU ruling on Airbnb

On 19 December the Court of Justice of the European Union issued its long-awaited ruling concerning the collaborative economy platform Airbnb. A number of media outlets highlighted the CoR opinion in their coverage of the event and ensuing developments.

19 Dec

Plenary adoption

On 5 December 2019, the CoR Plenary discussed and adopted the opinion of Mr Florianschützon a "A European framework for regulatory responses to the collaborative economy".

05 Dec

Adoption of the draft opinion in ECON

On 22 October 2019, ECON members debated, amended and adopted the rapporteur's draft opinion.

22 Oct

Adoption of the draft opinion in ECON

On 22 October 2019, ECON members debated, amended and adopted the rapporteur's draft opinion.

22 Oct

Stakeholders' consultation on a European framework for regulatory responses to the collaborative economy

On 12 September 2019 was held a public stakeholders consultation in preparation of the opinion of Mr Florianschütz on the collaborative economy. The consultation gathered representatives from cities and regions, from EU institutions, from collaborative economy platforms as well as academics and many others.

12 Sep

Bilateral meetings of the rapporteur

On 11 September 2019, the rapporteur held preparatory meetings for his opinion with representatives of EU instiutions and associations in Brussels.

11 Sep

Echange of views

During the ECON meeting on 9 July 2019, members held an exchange of views on the basis of the working document prepared by the rapporteur.

09 Jul

Appointment of Peter Florianschütz as rapporteur for the opinion

On 6 May 2019, ECON members appointed Mr Peter Florianschütz, Member of Vienna City Council and Member of Vienna Regional Parliament, as rapporteur for the opinion on "A European framework for regulatory responses to the collaborative economy".

06 May