Opinion Factsheet  

Urban Mobility Package

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Opinion Number: CDR 90/2014
Rapporteur: BORE Albert
Commission: COTER
Status: Adopted
Date: 25/06/2014
 
Urban mobility is a matter of vital importance for cities and regions across the European Union. On the other hand European cities increasingly face problems caused by transport and traffic, such as congestion, road traffic accidents and pollution. The draft opinion suggests that urban mobility problems cannot be solved with a sectorial approach only and that sustainable urban mobility plans (SUMPs) are an appropriate strategic instrument for developing an integrated approach to urban mobility. In this regard it further expresses the view of local and regional authorities on the Commission's proposals on developing and promoting the SUMP concept, as well as on its proposals in the areas of urban road safety, urban vehicle access regulations, urban logistics and urban ITS that are contained in the urban mobility package.
One important impact of the CoR was already achieved prior to the elaboration of the opinion: DG MOVE has taken on board the key concerns of the Committee of the Regions with regard to the elaboration of a non-binding proposal, due to the involvement of the Committee of the Regions in the impact assessment process for the Urban Mobility package (see chapter on subsidiarity above).

In its Communication "Together towards competitive and resource-efficient urban mobility", the European Commission outlined its intention to set up a Member States’ Expert Group on Urban Mobility and Transport, in order to foster an exchange on how national and EU policies on urban mobility and transport can be strengthened and better coordinated. The CoR opinion urged that the Commission's proposal to set up a Member States' Expert Group on Urban Mobility and Transport should also involve local authority or city representatives. Although this request has not been fully taken on board, the CoR has nevertheless been given observer status to the group. Moreover, the Rules of procedure of the Expert Group stipulate that the Commission might invite CoR representatives to the meetings of the group on an ad hoc basis.

The European Parliament adopted on 2 December 2015 its resolution on "Sustainable urban mobility". The rapporteur for this dossier was Ms Karima Delli (FR/Greens-EFA). The EP resolution reflects a number of policy recommendations provided by the CoR opinion, such as:
the fact that urban mobility and urban transport management are the responsibility of local and regional authorities, which design and implement these public policies within their areas;
the fact that an 'one size fits all urban areas' solution does not exist, given that cities across the European Union face specific situations and needs;
the call for the involvement of representatives of local and regional authorities in the European Platform on SUMPs and the Member States’ Expert Group on Urban Mobility and Transport;
the need to reflect urban mobility in the Connecting Europe Facility/Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) measures;
the necessity of a multi-level governance approach when it comes to tackle air quality issues;
the suggestion to link SUMPs to the actions by EU cities' within the Covenant of Mayors and to use the voluntary commitment established in the Covenant of Mayors as a model to promote engagement with SUMPs.
Le Comité des régions,

- souligne que les problèmes de mobilité urbaine ne peuvent être résolus uniquement au moyen d'une approche sectorielle. Il convient de tenir compte du lien entre la dimension urbaine de la politique des transports et la notion, plus large, de l’aménagement du territoire, afin non seulement d’améliorer les transports urbains et les infrastructures, mais aussi de lutter contre l’étalement urbain et de repenser les relations entre la ville et la zone qui l'entoure;

- reconnaît que les plans de mobilité urbaine durable constituent un instrument stratégique approprié pour le développement d'une approche intégrée de la mobilité urbaine;

- se félicite de l'engagement de la Commission européenne à soutenir le développement et la promotion du concept de plans de mobilité urbaine durable, et notamment de sa proposition de mettre sur pied une plateforme européenne consacrée à ces plans et de son engagement à soutenir l'élaboration et la mise en œuvre de tels plans, y compris au moyen d'instruments de financement, et préconise d'associer des représentants des collectivités locales et régionales à cette plateforme et au groupe d'experts des États membres sur la mobilité et les transports urbains;

- accueille favorablement la proposition de la Commission européenne de traiter la sécurité routière en milieu urbain, la logistique urbaine et les systèmes intelligents de transport urbain dans le cadre du paquet Mobilité urbaine, ainsi que son engagement à fournir des orientations et à rassembler et diffuser des exemples de bonnes pratiques dans ces domaines;

- déplore que les questions de climat et de qualité de l'air ne soient pas prises en compte de manière adéquate dans la communication et demande que l'UE et les États membres répondent aux préoccupations relatives à la pollution atmosphérique et sonore en prenant des mesures par l'intermédiaire des plans de mobilité urbaine durable;

- est d'avis que la régulation de l'accès aux zones urbaines et la tarification routière peuvent être des instruments efficaces pour gérer les demandes concurrentes en matière d'utilisation des voiries urbaines et pour répondre à des problèmes cruciaux tels que les embouteillages, la pollution et l'étalement urbain, mais fait observer qu'en vertu du principe de subsidiarité, leur mise en œuvre nécessitera une décision des collectivités locales;

- soutient la proposition d'élaborer un tableau de bord de la mobilité urbaine fournissant des indicateurs harmonisés pour mesurer et comparer les progrès des zones urbaines dans l’ensemble de l’UE; ce tableau de bord doit être élaboré avec soin pour s'assurer qu'il soit "spécifique à chaque ville" et ne constitue pas un simple système de classement.

Importance

High
Medium
Low
 

Rapporteur's activities

The rapporteur will participate as a speaker in the High Level Panel of the EC conference on Smart, Innovative & Sustainable urban mobility.

 
23 Nov
 

Rapporteur's activities

The rapporteur provided an introductory speech at the JASPERS / UITP workshop on Public Transport Quality Monitoring, which took place on 14 March 2016 in Brussels

 
14 Mar
 

European Parliament

Adoption of the EP resolution on Sustainable urban mobility in EP Plenary

 
02 Dec
 

European Parliament

Adoption of the own-initiative report on Sustainable urban mobility in TRAN committee

 
10 Nov
 

European Parliament

Presentation of the draft own-initiative report on Sustainable urban mobility in TRAN commitee

 
28 May
 

CoR Commission activity

COTER conference on Integrated solutions for mobility and urban development in functional urban areas in Riga (Latvia)

 
12 May
 

Rapporteur's activities

The rapporteur participates as speaker in the annual conference of the POLIS network of Cities and Regions working for sustainable urban mobility solutions

 
27 Nov
 

European Parliament

The EP Committee on Transport and Tourism (TRAN) appointed Ms Karima DELLI (FR/Greens-EFA) as rapporteur for its own-initiative report on "Sustainable urban mobility"

 
26 Nov
 

European Parliament

The EP Committee on Transport and Tourism (TRAN) decides to draw up an own-initiative report on urban mobility.

 
04 Nov
 

CoR Plenary Session

Opinion on "Urban Mobility package" is adopted at CoR plenary session

 
24 Jun
 

CoR Commission activity

 
 

COTER commission adopts the draft opinion on "Urban Mobility package"

 
04 May
 

CoR Stakeholder Consultation

Exchange of views of the rapporteur with stakeholders from EU regions, associations and NGOs

 
02 Apr
 

Council

TTE Council meeting: Policy debate on the Commission Communication, "Together towards competitive and resource-efficient urban mobility"

 
14 Mar
 

CoR Commission activity

First exchange of views in the COTER commission and meeting of the rapporteur with officials of DG MOVE of the European Commission

 
18 Feb
 

European Parliament

TRAN committee recommends to issue an own initiative report in the new EP mandate

 
20 Jan
 

European Commission

Publication of the Urban Mobility package

 
17 Dec
 

CoR Commission activity

 
 

COTER commission appoints Sir Albert Bore (UK/PES) as rapporteur of the own-initiative opinion on "Urban Mobility package"

 
16 Dec