Opinion factsheet

​​

    AC- Reform of the Common European Asylum System

    BGCSDADEELENESETFIFRHRHUITLTLVMTNLPLPTROSKSLSV
    : CDR 3267/2016
    : BIANCO, Vincenzo
    : PES (Party of European Socialists)
    : CIVEX
    : Adopted
    : 08/12/2016
    reiterate CoR call for a comprehensive and sustainable EU approach to migration based on solidarity and respect for human rights and in particular remind of the principle of solidarity enshrined in Article 80 TFEU€‹
    call for a further development going beyond the first entry country principle and emergency driven approach towards constant sharing mechanism based on solidarity
    underline that local and regional authorities should be actively involved and their experience should be used to improve standards with regard to reception conditions and asylum procedures;
    reiterate that local and regional authorities must be guaranteed resources at state and EU level so that they can provide sustainable reception of asylum-seekers and refugees in the long term;
    welcome the reinforcement of the European Asylum Support Office creating a fully-fledged European Agency for Asylum and call the new European Agency for Asylum to cooperate with regional and local authorities and to provide the assistance for regions in the frontline of reception
    Mr Bianco presented the CoR position to members of the European and national Parliaments in the inter-parliamentary meeting "The third reform of the Common European Asylum System -Up for the Challenge" held by the Parliament's LIBE committee on 28 February 2017.His presentation focussed on the opinions adopted by the CoR (CIVEX-013 and CIVEX-017)and in particular the reception of unaccompagnied minors.
    Main positions of the opinion especially concerning the LRA role were suggested as possible amendments to the draft report of the European Parliament on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Union Agency for Asylum and repealing Regulation (EU) No 439/2010, (COM(2016)0271 – C8-0174/2016 – 2016/0131(COD)),rapporteur Peter Niedermueller (HU/S&D).
    THE EUROPEAN COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS

    - considers that the approach taken by the Commission in the proposal to reform the Dublin Regulation is inadequate. According to this approach, the system's shortcomings are due to extraordinary crises and could be tackled by introducing corrective measures and measures to reinforce the fundamental criterion (the EU country of entry is responsible). However, we are facing a structural crisis and emergency management must go hand in hand with the introduction of a stable, efficient and more integrated system;

    - recommends building greater consideration for what asylum applicants have done, their professional experience and what they want, into the Commission proposal, thereby discouraging secondary movements; stresses in this context that positive incentives should be privileged wherever possible over sanctions in trying to avoid unwanted secondary movements;

    - suggests that in order to establish a Member State's real and current reception capacity, the number of arrivals in that country which has an objective impact upon reception and management capacity, should also be taken into account by incorporating this parameter into the reference key;

    - welcomes the introduction of a corrective mechanism for the allocation of applicants for international protection. However, the Committee would point out that the threshold proposed by the Commission for triggering the mechanism is so high that even in times of crisis, the mechanism might not be triggered and so would be of no structural benefit;

    - reiterates its call to make relevant EU funds supporting reception and integration of migrants directly accessible to local and regional authorities which bear key responsibilities in these domains;

    - welcomes the reinforcement of the European Asylum Support Office creating a fully-fledged European Agency for Asylum and calls on the new European Agency for Asylum to cooperate with regional and local authorities and to provide assistance for regions in the frontline of reception.
​​
​​​