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Opinion factsheet
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    Local and regional dimension of the Sharing Economy

    BGCSDADEELENESETFIFRHRHUITLTLVMTNLPLPTROSKSLSV
    : CDR 2698/2015
    : BRIGHENTI, Benedetta
    : PES (Party of European Socialists)
    : ECON
    : Adopted
    : 04/12/2015
    to take part in the emerging EU-level debate on this issue and position the CoR as an important player with regards to other institutions
    to highlight the views and concerns of LRAs with regards to this phenomenon
    to underline that the sharing economy is much more than the big commercial platforms known by everyone
    This opinion by the Committee of the Regions was the first important document focused solely on the sharing/collaborative economy by an EU body. Thanks to this, it has placed the CoR and the rapporteur, Benedetta Brighenti, in a key influential position with regards to the emerging European-level debate on this topic.

    This is clearly demonstrated by the many invitations to debates and conferences which the rapporteur has received and by the media coverage gathered by the opinion. In 2015 and 2016, the rapporteur took part in more than a dozen conferences, debates and events on the sharing or collaborative economy in several different countries. She also performed several video interviews, and her work and opinion were mentioned in local and regional media, as well as major national newspapers in two different countries.

    While this was only an emerging policy field at the beginning of the CoR work on the topic, it has gained in importance and has become a very topical and controversial subject of debate at the EU level and in many Member States. While concrete policy developments are still in their early stages, they are so far very much in line with the CoR opinion's key recommendations, such as the Commission's intention, stated in its Communication "Upgrading the single market" (COM(2015) 550 final), to develop a European agenda for the collaborative (or sharing) economy.

    This intention was put into practice with the Commission's presentation on 2 June 2016 of a Communication entitled "A European agenda for the collaborative economy". The document aims to provide (non-legally binding) guidance on how existing EU law – such as the Services Directive or E-commerce Directive – applies to collaborative economy business models. (Benedetta Brighenti was also appointed rapporteur, on this Communication, during the ECON Commission meeting of 20 June 2016.)

    In the many exchanges having taken place since the publication of the guidance, both the European Commission and European Parliament have been very receptive to the CoR on the topic, and have acknowledged the strong territorial dimension of the issue. On this basis, concrete outcomes of the CoR's work on the topic are expected to be found in particular in the Parliament report on the collaborative economy whose rapporteur is Mr Nicola Danti. The CoR and its rapporteur are also in close contact with the European Commission regarding possible follow-up measures to the June 2016 communication.
    THE EUROPEAN COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS

    - notes that the European Commission uses the term "collaborative economy" rather than "sharing economy" and has made a first effort in its recent Communication on "Upgrading the Single Market" to define the concept. In the view of the CoR however, the proposed definition focuses on the commercial and consumer aspects of the sharing (or collaborative) economy while leaving aside the non-commercial and commons-based approaches. Calls therefore on the European Commission to further analyse and later define the different forms of the sharing economy;

    - believes that EU sectoral regulation is necessary for the commercial aspects of the sharing economy to ensure legal certainty and fair competition for operators, especially with respect to taxation;

    - considers that any hard regulatory initiative should keep a sectoral approach and take into account the scale of the SE initiative as a criterion to draw regulatory lines. EU institutions and legislation should provide a sound framework, institutional and legal guidance and ongoing access to expertise and other assistance appropriate for implementation;

    - calls, however, on all EU institutions dealing with the issue of the SE to adopt a holistic approach in addressing the SE as an economic, political and social phenomenon and to coordinate their efforts, in view of the widespread changes the SE could cause to current economic systems, through a comprehensive public policy drawing up an SE public policy agenda built collaboratively;

    - considers that many of the sectors touched by SE have a sometimes disruptive impact at the local and regional level and that it should therefore be possible for them to be governed or regulated as necessary by local and regional authorities (LRAs) in compliance with the principle of local autonomy in order to allow LRAs to adapt SE initiatives and ventures to local conditions.
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Importance

High
Medium
Low
2016
 

New appointment as rapporteur

During the ECON Commission meeting of 20 June 2016, Benedetta Brighenti was appointed rapporteur for a new opinion on the sharing/collaborative economy. Specifically dealing with the EC Communication "A European agenda for the collaborative economy". (COM(2016 356 final).

 
20 Jun
 

European Commission Communication

On 2 June 2016 the European Commission presented a Communication entitled "A European agenda for the collaborative economy". The document aims to provide (non-legally binding) guidance on how existing EU law – such as the Services Directive or E-commerce Directive – applies to collaborative economy business models.

 
02 Jun
 

Rapporteur's Activities

At the invitation of MEP Nicola Danti, the CoR rapporteur Benedetta Brighenti took part in a debate entitled "how to regulate the sharing economy: a common EU approach and/or different measures at national level?" organised in the European Parliament.

 
01 Jun
 

Rapporteur's Activities

At the invitation of MEP Nicola Danti, the CoR rapporteur Benedetta Brighenti took part in a debate entitled "how to regulate the sharing economy: a common EU approach and/or different measures at national level?" organised in the European Parliament.

 
01 Jun
 

Rapporteur's Activities

Benedetta Brighenti took part in the OuiShare Fest 2016 on 18 May in Paris, specifically in a debate on "Policy, The Platform & The City"

 
18 May
 

Rapporteur's Activities

Benedetta Brighenti took part in the OuiShare Fest 2016 on 18 May in Paris, specifically in a debate on "Policy, The Platform & The City"

 
18 May
 

Rapporteur's Activities

The rapporteur, Benedetta Brighenti, took part in a ProComuns conference in Barcelona on "Commons Collaborative Economies: Policies, Technologies and City for an economy of the people", specifically in the first plenary on Public Policies for commons collaborative economy.

 
11 Mar
 

Rapporteur's Activities

The rapporteur, Benedetta Brighenti, took part in a ProComuns conference in Barcelona on "Commons Collaborative Economies: Policies, Technologies and City for an economy of the people", specifically in the first plenary on Public Policies for commons collaborative economy.

 
11 Mar
 

Rapporteur's Activities

The rapporteur took part in a seminar organized by the city of Turin on the Sharing economy and models of governance.

 
16 Feb
 

Rapporteur's Activities

The rapporteur took part in a seminar organized by the city of Turin on the Sharing economy and models of governance.

 
16 Feb
2015
 

Article in El Mundo

Spanish daily El Mundo published an article on the CoR opinion on the sharing economy entitled: "Espaldarazo europeo a la economía colaborativa".

 
26 Dec
 

Article in El Mundo

Spanish daily El Mundo published an article on the CoR opinion on the sharing economy entitled: "Espaldarazo europeo a la economía colaborativa".

 
26 Dec
 

Rapporteur's activities

The Modena television channel TRC published an article and video interview with Benedetta Brighenti following the adoption of her opinion by the CoR Plenary.

 
05 Dec
 

Rapporteur's activities

The Modena television channel TRC published an article and video interview with Benedetta Brighenti following the adoption of her opinion by the CoR Plenary.

 
05 Dec
 

Rapporteur's activities

Interview of Benedetta Brighenti after the adoption of her opinion in the CoR Plenary

 
04 Dec
 

Rapporteur's activities

Interview of Benedetta Brighenti after the adoption of her opinion in the CoR Plenary

 
04 Dec
 

CoR Plenary Session

Benedetta Brighenti's opinion was adopted by the Plenary of the Committee of the Regions.The final text of the adopted opinion is available here.

 
03 Dec
 

CoR Plenary Session

Benedetta Brighenti's opinion was adopted by the Plenary of the Committee of the Regions.The final text of the adopted opinion is available here.

 
03 Dec
 

Rapporteur's activities

The rapporteur, Benedetta Brighenti, took part in the Ideas Forum conference on "A progressive vision for the sharing economy", jointly organised by the Institut Émile Vandervelde (IEV), the Socialist Party (Belgium) and the PES Group in the Committee of the Regions.

 
17 Nov
 

Rapporteur's activities

The rapporteur, Benedetta Brighenti, took part in the Ideas Forum conference on "A progressive vision for the sharing economy", jointly organised by the Institut Émile Vandervelde (IEV), the Socialist Party (Belgium) and the PES Group in the Committee of the Regions.

 
17 Nov
 

Rapporteur's activities

During SHARITALY in Milan, Benedetta Brighenti took part in the round table on "Piattaforme della Sharing Economy. Proposte per il legislatore italiano".More information and the round table report are available here.

 
09 Nov
 

Rapporteur's activities

During SHARITALY in Milan, Benedetta Brighenti took part in the round table on "Piattaforme della Sharing Economy. Proposte per il legislatore italiano".More information and the round table report are available here.

 
09 Nov
 

Rapporteur's activities

During SHARITALY in Milan the opinion "The Local And Regional Dimension of the Sharing Economy " was presented during a panel titled "Sharing vs pooling: politiche europee per la città collaborativa". A discussion with the participants and with international experts gave the rapporteur some input for her final work on the opinion ahead of its adoption at the CoR Plenary Session of 3-4 December 2015.

 
08 Nov
 

Rapporteur's activities

During SHARITALY in Milan the opinion "The Local And Regional Dimension of the Sharing Economy " was presented during a panel titled "Sharing vs pooling: politiche europee per la città collaborativa". A discussion with the participants and with international experts gave the rapporteur some input for her final work on the opinion ahead of its adoption at the CoR Plenary Session of 3-4 December 2015.

 
08 Nov
 

Rapporteur's activities

The rapporteur, Benedetta Brighenti, took part in the SmartCity Exhibition (SCE2015) Lab on "The platforms of the sharing economy: shared and collaborative cities"

 
14 Oct
 

Rapporteur's activities

The rapporteur, Benedetta Brighenti, took part in the SmartCity Exhibition (SCE2015) Lab on "The platforms of the sharing economy: shared and collaborative cities"

 
14 Oct
 

Rapporteur's activities

The rapporteur took part in the Smart Cities for a Better World event, in Rome, on the theme "Cities that take initiative, cooperate, share and collaborate. A possible direction for Smart Cities?"

 
11 Oct
 

Rapporteur's activities

The rapporteur took part in the Smart Cities for a Better World event, in Rome, on the theme "Cities that take initiative, cooperate, share and collaborate. A possible direction for Smart Cities?"

 
11 Oct
 

Rapporteur's activities

The rapporteur Benedetta Brighenti presented the role of the Committee of the Regions and her opinion on the sharing economy during the ANCI Training Camp event Governi Locali e Politiche Europee in Naples.

 
09 Oct
 

Rapporteur's activities

The rapporteur Benedetta Brighenti presented the role of the Committee of the Regions and her opinion on the sharing economy during the ANCI Training Camp event Governi Locali e Politiche Europee in Naples.

 
09 Oct
 

CoR Commission activity

The ECON commission discussed and adopted the rapporteur's draft opinion. The text as adopted in ECON is available here, and will be on the agenda of the CoR Plenary Session in December 2015.

 
28 Sep
 

CoR Commission activity

The ECON commission discussed and adopted the rapporteur's draft opinion. The text as adopted in ECON is available here, and will be on the agenda of the CoR Plenary Session in December 2015.

 
28 Sep
 

Rapporteur's activities

The rapporteur participated in the Smart Countries and Cities Congress (S3C) in Paris.

 
02 Sep
 

Rapporteur's activities

The rapporteur participated in the Smart Countries and Cities Congress (S3C) in Paris.

 
02 Sep
 

CoR Commission activity

The ECON commission held a first exchange of views on the topic of the opinion, on the basis of the rapporteur's working document.

 
14 Jul
 

CoR Commission activity

The ECON commission held a first exchange of views on the topic of the opinion, on the basis of the rapporteur's working document.

 
14 Jul
 

Rapporteur's activities

The rapporteur participated in the Agenzia di Ricerche e Legislazione (AREL) debate in Rome, on the sharing economy.

 
19 May
 

Rapporteur's activities

The rapporteur participated in the Agenzia di Ricerche e Legislazione (AREL) debate in Rome, on the sharing economy.

 
19 May
 

CoR Commission activity

Ms. Benedetta Brighenti (IT/PES), was appointed rapporteur for the opinion on "The Local And Regional Dimension Of The Sharing Economy "

 
06 May
 

CoR Commission activity

Ms. Benedetta Brighenti (IT/PES), was appointed rapporteur for the opinion on "The Local And Regional Dimension Of The Sharing Economy "

 
06 May
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