Opinion factsheet

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    A Policy Framework for Climate and Energy in the period from 2020 to 2030

    BGCSDADEELENESETFIFRHRHUITLTLVMTNLPLPTROSKSLSV
    : CDR 2691/2014
    : JAEGER, Annabelle
    : PES (Party of European Socialists)
    : ENVE
    : Adopted
    : 07/10/2014
    calls on the EU to opt for a winning trio of binding climate and energy goals for 2030:
    a 50% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions compared with 1990;
    a 40% share of renewable energies, expressed as national targets;
    a 40% reduction in primary energy consumption compared with 2005 achieved through efficiency gains, also expressed as national targets.
    underlines the fundamental role of the local and regional levels in drafting and implementing policies on climate change, developing renewables and energy efficiency, but also stresses that their initiatives cannot be optimised without recognition in the form of a mandate and long-term funding;
    emphasises the need for the 2030 policy framework to be based on, and to strengthen, the impact of EU local initiatives such as the EU Covenant of Mayors (which we would like to see extended until 2030), Mayors Adapt and other EU funded projects; calls in this context on the European Commission to ensure policy coherence and synergies between the different initiatives and to involve the CoR in the design and implementation as appropriate;
    calls on local and regional authorities to rise even further to the climate challenge by setting their own ambitious targets for 2030 and taking forward initiatives together to prepare for the COP21 in December 2015 in Paris; this would closely reflect the COP19 decisions taken in Warsaw in November 2013 as regards recognition for local and regional authorities until a global agreement is reached.
    (potentially) launch a call for LRA mobilisation for COP21.
    The European Commission did not support the view of the Opinion concerning the 3 binding targets and the recognition of the role of regions and cities within the 2030 Framework. However, both the European Commission and the Cabinet of the President of the European Council welcomed the ambitious stance of the Opinion as an enabling tool to negotiate with resisting Member states for a decision on the 2030 framework.
    The Opinion was welcomed by civil society organisations as well as regional and local NGOs. It formulated their position in an official document. This Opinion was all the more welcome as the European Parliament did not issue a report yet, and will probably not do it.
    As a consequence, the media focuses on the content of the Opinion with, among others, an article from Le Monde following its adoption in Plenary session, and articles in the Reppublica and the Guardian, following the participation of the rapporteur at the UNFCCC COP in Lima, Peru (December 2014).
    The UNFCCC COP in Lima also gave the rapporteur the opportunity to meet the European Commission negotiators and the European Parliament delegation to further discuss several points of the Opinion, notably a higher level of ambition for mitigation and the role of local and regional authorities within the governance architecture. The European Commission does support the vision of the CoR for UNFCCC COPs, however further work remains to be done as when the negotiations become tense, negotiators in favour of our positions weaken their support and finally mentions of regions and cities are watered down.
    However, the Opinion of the CoR attracted the interest of many stakeholders with which the CoR will join forces in international events and co-organise initiatives and conferences to improve the visibility of regions and cities on climate. This includes cooperation with leading local and regional networks such as ICLEI, nrg4SD, R20 and French local and regional organisations in view of the UNFCCC COP21 in Paris this year.
    THE COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS



    - calls on the EU to opt for a winning trio of binding climate and energy goals for 2030:

    • a 50% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions compared with 1990;

    • a 40% share of renewable energies, expressed as national targets;

    • a 40% reduction in primary energy consumption compared with 2005 achieved through efficiency gains, also expressed as national targets.

    - underlines the fundamental role of the local and regional levels in drafting and implementing policies on climate change, developing renewables and energy efficiency, but also stresses that their initiatives cannot be optimised without recognition in the form of a mandate and long-term funding;

    - emphasises the need for the 2030 policy framework to be based on, and to strengthen, the impact of EU local initiatives such as the EU Covenant of Mayors (which we would like to see extended until 2030), Mayors Adapt and other EU funded projects; calls in this context on the European Commission to ensure policy coherence and synergies between the different initiatives and to involve the CoR in the design and implementation as appropriate;

    - calls on local and regional authorities to rise even further to the climate challenge by setting their own ambitious targets for 2030 and taking forward initiatives together to prepare for the COP21 in December 2015 in Paris; this would closely reflect the COP19 decisions taken in Warsaw in November 2013 as regards recognition for local and regional authorities until a global agreement is reached.
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Importance

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2015
 

Rapporteur's activities

UNFCCC COP21, Paris, France: 21st Conference of the Parties of the United Framework Convention on Climate Change. Adoption of a global climate agreement (includes level of ambition on climate + new governance)

 
29 Nov
 

Rapporteur's activities

During UNFCCC COP21, Mayor of Paris to organise a COP for cities.

 
29 Nov
 

Rapporteur's activities

World Summit on climate and territorial action – Dialogues and proposals from non-state stakeholders, under the patronage of the French COP presidency. Lyons, Rhône-Alpes, France

 
30 Jun
 

Rapporteur's activities

DATE TO BE CONFIRMEDOrganisation of a pre-COP meeting gathering countries of the Euromediterranean Union: COP MED. By the Provence-Alpes-Côtes d'Azur Region, with possible support of the Committee of the Regions and its ARLEM network. TBC

 
31 May
 

Rapporteur's activities

Association Régions de France (ARF, French Mayors organisation), nrg4SD and the EU Committee of the Regions to co-organise a meeting taking stock of Lima's results and discussing priorities for the UNFCCC COP21 in Paris. Last week of May 2015, Brussels. TBC

 
19 May
 

Rapporteur's activities

Open debate organised by the European Economic and Social Committee on the outcomes of the UNFCCC COP20. Rapporteur Annabelle Jaeger will deliver a video message on behalf of regions and cities

 
13 Jan
2014
 

Rapporteur's activities

Meeting with Michèle Sabban, president of R20, to discuss follow-up of COP20 and preparation of COP21, notably the promotion of the Declaration of Paris which represents the voluntary engagements of regions and businesses to work together to upscale their action against global warming.

 
10 Dec
 

Rapporteur's activities

Meeting with United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Executive Secretariat: Daniele Violetti, Chief of Staff of Executive Secretary Christiana Figueres. Annabelle Jaeger shared her concerns on the evolution of the negotiations with the weakening of the paragraphs about cities and regions, and the need for the UNFCCC to support them more prominently during COPs.

 
10 Dec
 

Rapporteur's activities

Bilateral meeting with EIB vice-president, notable on the EU Covenant of Mayors. CoR president had to cancel the meeting.

 
10 Dec
 

Rapporteur's activities

Meeting with Elina Bardram, Head of the EU Delegation negotiating UNFCCC COPs. Annabelle Jaeger recalled the key impact and mobilisation of cities and regions, and asked the EU Delegation to strongly supports the maintenance of the paragraphs about cities and regions within the draft text.

 
10 Dec
 

Rapporteur's activities

Bilateral meeting with Council Director General, Jaroslaw Pietras. CoR President had to cancel the meeting.

 
10 Dec
 

Rapporteur's activities

Annabelle Jaeger attended Al Gore and the LGMA (local government and municipal authorities) intervention at the COP20/CMP10 High Level Segment.

 
10 Dec
 

Rapporteur's activities

Reception of the Head of Delegation of the EU (EEAS), Lima, Peru. Mr Lebrun had to cancel.

 
10 Dec
 

CoR Commission activity

Meeting with Lima Mayor. Mr Lebrun had to cancel.

 
10 Dec
 

Rapporteur's activities

Greens Annual Breakfast during UNFCCC COP. Annabelle Jaeger participated in the annual breakfast of the Greens organised during UNFCCC COPs to exchange with Green Parliamentarians from Korea, Turkey, Australia, France, the Netherlands, the EU, Canada, etc about the ongoing negotiations on climate and the place of cities and regions within this context.

 
09 Dec
 

Rapporteur's activities

World Climate Summit, Lima, Peru. It brought together high level participants from both the public and private sector. It strived to develop the strongest multi-stakeholder platform supporting a universal climate agreement at COP 21 in Paris 2015.CoR President was invited to speak at the event but had to cancel.

 
09 Dec
 

Rapporteur's activities

Voices for Climate, Lima Peru: Annabelle Jaeger met Ségolène Royal (French Minister of the Environment) briefly before her intervention on the future work of the French COP Presidency. She highlighted the overlaps between biodiversity and climate policy

 
09 Dec
 

Rapporteur's activities

Meetings of the Friends of Cities where local and regional climate leaders and networks gather with countries supporting them to debrief on the current status of the negotiations. Annabelle Jaeger updated partners about her meetings with the EU delegation and their position with regard regions and cities during the negotiations.

 
09 Dec
 

Rapporteur's activities

Annabelle Jaeger attended the High level ministerial Dialogue on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action in Lima, Peru. This specific part of the COP is the one in charge of the draft text for the future global climate agreement.

 
09 Dec
 

Rapporteur's activities

COP20 UNFCCC, Lima, Peru - Side-Event Committee of the Regions/European Economic and Social Committee. The Committee of the Regions and the European Economic and Social Committee co-organised a side-event in Lima, Peru during the COP20 UNFCCC: "Renewable energy as a local development opportunity".

 
08 Dec
 

Rapporteur's activities

ICLEI/Inter-Parliamentary Union meeting on the occasion of the COP20, officially supported by the UNFCCC: From vision to action plan - Raising the global level of ambition through national and local action. CoR president was invited to speak but had to cancel. Mrs Jaeger was then offered to speak but as she spoke at an ICLEI event the day before (Lima Dialogues) and she had another event to speak to simultaneously, it was agreed with ICLEI that she would not speak.

 
08 Dec
 

CoR Commission activity

“The Future of Sustainable Cities to Combat Climate Pollution”, organised in Lima during the COP20 by the Embassy of Sweden in Chile. CoR President was invited to present the case of the EU Covenant of Mayors after the introduction of Swedish Minister. CoR president had to cancel.

 
08 Dec
 

Rapporteur's activities

Meetings with MEPs Yannick Jadot and Bas Eickhout during the UNFCCC COP20 in Lima; Annabelle Jaeger as the Committee of the Regions climate envoy met with MEPs to seek their support within the EU Delegation for the articles on cities and regions within the draft text under discussion

 
08 Dec
 

Rapporteur's activities

Second Steering Committee of Lyon July 2015 World Summit of territorial climate action with civil society, UCLG and Rhone-Alps Region. Preparatory Meeting with local and regional leaders and networks (ICLEI, UCLG, Climate Alliance, R20) + Laurence Tubiana – French Ambassador for international climate negotiations; debate on the orientations of the Summit, under the patronage of the French COP Presidency to gather the proposals of cities, regions and all other non-state actors for the future agreement to be signed in Paris during the COP21 UNFCCC.

 
08 Dec
 

Rapporteur's activities

Bilateral meeting with César Villanueva, Ex-Prime Minister and Ex-President of the Regional Government of San Martín. Cor President had to cancel the meeting.

 
08 Dec
 

Rapporteur's activities

COP20 UNFCCC, Lima, Peru - Side-Event Climate Alliance/Committee of the Regions. The Committee of the Regions and Climate Alliance co-organised a side-event in Lima, Peru during the COP20 UNFCCC: "The importance of local action and multi-level governance in reducing greenhouse gas emissions". It focused on the importance of local authorities which can act as climate champions – in particular through the EU Covenant of Mayors

 
07 Dec
 

Rapporteur's activities

Lima Dialogues “Raising Global level of ambition through Local Climate Action” at UN Lima Climate Change Conference. Local authorities of the world comes together to support a higher level of ambition to save climate and demonstrate their leadership on climate policy

 
07 Dec
 

Rapporteur's activities

Parliamentary meeting on the occasion of the United Nations Climate Change Conference. The President of the Committee of the Regions was invited to speak in front of parliamentarians of the world, including MEPs, in this event organised jointly by the Inter-Parliamentary Union and the Congress of the Republic of Peru.Mr Lebrun had to cancel his participation.

 
07 Dec
 

Rapporteur's activities

Meeting with European Commissioner Miguel Arias Canete during the COP20 UNFCCC in Lima in order to defend the inclusion of cities and regions within the draft text under discussion

 
07 Dec
 

Rapporteur's activities

Dinner with UCLGs Climate Spokeperson and French Senator, Ronan Dantec, and Vice President of region Rhône-Alpes (France) + European Economic and Social Committee Director Jean-François Bence to discuss future collaboration in view of the COP21 UNFCCC in Paris: notably the World Climate and Territories Summit (1-2 July 2015) and Opinion supporting officially the proposals issued by the Summit.

 
07 Dec
 

Rapporteur's activities

Annabelle Jaeger attended the daily debriefings of the European Commissioner for Climate Action and Energy, Miguel Arias Canete with MEPs.

 
07 Dec
 

European Parliament

The European Commission has asked the Parliament to endorse the 2030 Framework by the end of 2014.

 
30 Nov
 

Council

The Environment Council adopted conclusions on the preparations for the 20th session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 20), which will take place from 1 to 12 December 2014 in Lima, Peru. "The conclusions adopted by the Council build on the agreement reached in Brussels last week by EU leaders. Both pave the way for Europe to take a leading role on climate challenges with a view to the Lima Conference in December and the Paris Conference in 2015. Our goal is a fair and ambitious global agreement, which would make all countries of the world responsible for a crucial issue for the future of the planet, setting out a model of socially and environmentally sustainable development," said the president of the Council, Italian Minister for the Environment Gian Luca Galletti.

 
27 Oct
 

Council

Decision taken during the European Council 23-24th October.Binding EU target of 40% domestic reduction in Greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 to be delivered collectively by the EU;ETS: MS with GDP/capita under 60%, can give free allowances to the energy sector till 2030 but after 2020 no more than 40% of the allowances under 2.9Binding EU target of 27% for the share of renewable energy inn 2030Indicative EU target of 27% for improving energy efficiency in 2030 with a review in 2020 (EU target level of 30%)

 
22 Oct
 

Rapporteur's activities

World Summit of Regions for Climate. The Chair of the ENVE Commission, Maria-Luisa Coppola, will attend the Summit and meet regional leaders to discuss how to encourage more ambition on climate

 
09 Oct
 

Open Days

Open Days: Climate Alliance event "Ensuring a competitive Europe with low-carbon economy: vision of local and regional governments".

 
08 Oct
 

CoR Commission activity

CoR will publish a leaflet summarising the opinion

 
06 Oct
 

CoR Commission activity

The opinion has been adopted during the October plenary session of the CoR

 
05 Oct
 

Rapporteur's activities

Rapporteur invited to speak on her Opinion at the EESC event: towards a new climate agreement in 2015 - Public debate on the global negotiations, the EU position and civil society messages for theUNFCCC COP 20 in Lima. Awaiting reply.

 
04 Oct
 

European Commission

EU Energy Week: CoR session on "Local and regional perspectives on the EU's 2030 objectives for energy and climate change". EU Commissioner Günther Oettinger will open the session. Other speakers include Mrs. Sirpa Hertell (FI/EPP), Mr. Christian Illedits (AT/PES) and Mr. Gusty Graas (LU/ALDE).

 
25 Jun
 

CoR Commission activity

ENVE commission discussed and adopted the opinion drafted

 
18 Jun
 

CoR Commission activity

 
 

MEP Claude TURMES made a statement during the ENVE commission meeting and took the opportunity to discuss with the CoR rapporteur the EP report and further cooperation in view of the upcoming meeting COP 20 in Lima (Peru).

 
18 Jun
 

Rapporteur's activities

The rapporteur has met with representatives of the Greek Presidency to discuss the CoR's position.

 
17 Jun
 

Rapporteur's activities

The rapporteur has met with the French permanent representation to be briefed on the state of play of the negotiations within the Council and to share her views

 
17 Jun
 

Rapporteur's activities

The rapporteur has met with DG ENER Deputy Head of Cabinet, Eric Mamer to discuss energy efficiency issues and share her views

 
17 Jun
 

Rapporteur's activities

The rapporteur has met with representatives of the future Italian Presidency to discuss the CoR position ahead of June European Council; include LRA and reinforce the Covenant of Mayors in the decision to be taken.

 
10 Jun
 

Rapporteur's activities

The rapporteur has met with both DG CLIMA and DG Energy to discuss and clarify the position of the various parties and plan the inter-institutional dialogue with further CoR interventions; renewables, energy efficiency, new energy governance.

 
10 Jun
 

Rapporteur's activities

The rapporteur has met with several key stakeholders: Energy Cities, Climate Alliance and FEDARENE

 
09 Jun
 

Rapporteur's activities

The rapporteur has met with Mr Lukazs KOLINSKI in charge of Climate and Environment at the Cabinet of the President of the European Council in order to detail the position of the CoR.

 
09 Jun
 

Council

During the informal Energy Council in Athens (Greece), the ENVE Vice-Chair Mr Bruno HRANIĆ delivered a statement aimed to stimulate the energy ministers' debate on energy efficiency and the 2030 Framework.

 
14 May
 

CoR Commisssion activity

 
 

ENVE commission elected Ms Annabelle Jaeger (FR/PES) as rapporteur for the opinion on "2030 Framework for climate and energy".

 
23 Apr
 

European Commission

The 2030 Framework was published on 22nd January – COM(2014) 15

 
21 Jan
2012
 

Rapporteur's activities

Together with MEP Yannick Jadot and UCLGs spokeperson for climate Ronan Dantec, Mrs Annabelle Jaeger took part in the demonstration in favour of climate justice taking place in Lima Peru during the COP20 UNFCCC

 
09 Dec
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