Mr Alin Adrian NICAMayor of Dudeștii Noi Timiș Countystr. Calea Becicherecului Nr 29, județul Timiș307041 TimişRomania Tel.: +40 256 378294Fax: +40 356 816494E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
List of Members
Mrs Liliana MANGEACEuropean Office of the National Union of County CouncilsRue Montoyer 241000 BruxellesTel.: +32 2 2317141Fax: +32 2 2317003Mobile: +32 497 559137E-mail: email@example.com
The Romanian delegation to the Committee of the Regions of the European Union is composed by presidents of county councils and mayors, holding an electoral mandate in their communities. The members of the Romanian delegation were nominated by the Romanian Government at the proposal of the national associations representing the county administration and the local administration (municipalities, towns and communes).
The administrative territorial units in Romania are: communes, towns and counties; some of the towns being declared by law municipalities (large cities). Romania has 41 counties (judete), 103 municipalities (municipii), 208 towns (orase), and 2825 communes (comune).
County authorities - The county council (consiliul judetean) is composed of members elected by universal, equal, direct, secret suffrage for a four year term. It monitors the implementation of the provisions of the law in the field of public administration. It is responsible for the distribution of the public funds according the law regulations according the local council requirements. There is no subordination between local councils and county council.
The president (presedinte) of the county council is appointed by the elected members of the council having executive responsibilities. He/she is in charge of the legal representation of the council in relation with third parties. The president can delegate responsibilities to the two vice presidents who are appointed by the members of the county council.
The prefect (prefect) is appointed by the government. The prefect exercises the control of the legality of the administrative acts adopted or issued by local and county public administration authorities. He ensures the implementation of the governmental strategy and programs in these territories and represents the government in each county and in Bucharest municipality.
The local council (consiliul local) is the deliberative assembly. It is composed of councilors elected by universal direct suffrage for a four-year term. The local council approves the budget of the local authority.
The mayor (primarul) is elected by universal direct suffrage for a four-year term. He/she is the executive body, and leads the local public administration. The mayor delegates some of the responsibilities to the vice-mayor (who is appointed by the members of the local council from within its ranks).
Romania has 8 development regions, each of those development regions being formed by the voluntary association of neighboring counties. The development regions are not administrative territorial units and have no legal personality. The deliberative body is the National Council for Regional Development (NCRD) which functions on the principal of partnership and has the purpose to coordinate at the national level the activities needed for the implementation of the regional development policies. NCRD is chaired by the Minister for development, public works and housing and composed by 15 representatives of the Government and 16 representatives of the Regional Developments Councils (RDC). The 8 RDC’s are also deliberative bodies with no legal personality representing the development regions, each of them being assisted by executive bodies, the Agencies for Regional Development (ARD).
The National Union of County Councils of Romania (UNCJR) represents the interests of County Councils. UNCJR is acting to promote and to apply the regional development principles, to support the sustainable development at local and regional level - economic, social, cultural, environment, to support the civic participation to the decisional process, to develop cooperation programmes, to reduce the social and economic differences between counties and regions by promoting regional development policies.
The Romanian Municipalities Association (AMR) is a private law, non-profit-making, non-governmental and apolitical legal entity, set up in 1990 in order to promote and protect the common interests of its members in the relation with the Romanian Government and the Romanian Parliament. The association represents its members in the relation with international organizations and the European Union as well. AMR undertakes to make a contribution to achieve effective local self-government in accordance with the principals set out in the Romanian Constitution and the European Charter of Local Self-Government. Presently, AMR has 106 member municipalities (urban communities with over 10.000 inhabitants) from all over the country; its headquarters are in Bucharest and a representation office based in Brussels.
The Association of Romanian Towns (AOR) was set up at the beginning of 1994 as a nonpolitical and nongovernmental organization under the name of Federation of Romanian Towns. The most important objective of the Association is to pursue with the legislative agenda of the Government regarding public local administration and other similar fields, due to the acceleration of the reform in administration, as well to defend the interests of the town members.
The Romanian Association of Communes (A.Co.R.) was founded in 1997 at the initiative of a group of mayors from commune level, convinced that together they can promote their interests in a much more effective way. The mission of the association is to create a tighter relation between local authorities from communes level by promoting the ideals and principles stipulated in the European Charter for Local Self-government that offers real administrative and financial powers for the local levels. The main purpose of the association is to represent the specific interests of the communes in the relation with the other parties (central government and institutions, other associations of local authorities from Romania and worldwide, European institutions and organizations.